Anderson Floyd Crawford, plantation owner and Confederate officer, was born in Sparta, Hancock County, Georgia, on January 29, 1829, the son of Joel and Sarah Louisa (Rhodes) Crawford. He was educated at the State University of Athens in 1846. In 1851 Crawford married Elizabeth Aiken. The couple gave birth to two sons and two daughters. Around 1857 Crawford relocated to Jasper County, Texas. He prospered in Jasper, boasting a net worth of $63,000 in real estate and personal property, including forty slaves, in the 1860 census. Later in 1860 Crawford won election to the Texas Senate, representing Jasper, Newton, Hardin, Tyler, and Polk counties. As a senator, he actively supported Texas's secession from the Union.
In late 1861 Crawford resigned his Senate seat and assisted in the organization of the Thirteenth Mounted Volunteer Regiment, later to be known as the Thirteenth Texas Cavalry, under the command of John H. Burnett. Crawford raised Company G, "Crawford's Rebels," for the regiment and was elected as a major in February of 1862. Later in the year, declining health forced Burnett to resign his command. Crawford, now a lieutenant colonel, assumed command of the Thirteenth Cavalry in November of 1863. In this capacity he participated in actions including Sabine Crossroads, Pleasant Hill, and Jenkin's Ferry. Crawford continued his command until the surrender of his unit on June 2, 1865. Following the war, Crawford returned to Jasper, where he found the town in the midst of a severe recession and his plantation in disarray. Most of his former slaves had fled from the area. He elected to move to Louisiana, where he contracted and died from pneumonia in the town of Keatchie on January 10, 1867. He was buried there.