George W. Crawford, legislator and newspaperman, came to Texas from Mississippi probably in the 1840s. He settled in Washington County and ran a newspaper titled the Lone Star. From October of 1852 through June of 1853 Crawford was an editor of the Austin State Gazette. George W. Crawford also served in the Fifth Texas Legislature from 1853 to 1855.
In 1855 G. W. Crawford founded the Washington American at Washington-on-the-Brazos. The paper was published until some time in 1857 and supported William Walker's ill-fated filibustering expedition to Nicaragua. In July of 1856 Walker had declared himself president and had rescinded Nicaragua's 1824 edict of emancipation. In January of 1857 Crawford traveled to Galveston to organize a new company of Rangers not sponsored by the state of Texas to reinforce Walker's army. In March of 1857, a few days before Crawford's unit was to organize, Walker's fortunes in Nicaragua turned. Crawford decided against filibustering after meeting with some of Walker's lieutenants in New Orleans.
Upon returning to Washington County Crawford ran for state senate, but he was defeated by Chauncy B. Shepard, a prominent attorney. George W. Crawford died in Galveston on June 19, 1869.
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Daily Austin Republican. June 26, 1869. Earl W. Fornell, "Texans and Filibusters in the 1850s" Southwestern Historical Quarterly 59 (April 1956).
Editors and Reporters
Fifth Legislature (1853-1854)
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
“Crawford, George W.,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed June 28, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
April 30, 2008
Most Recent Revision Date:
September 19, 2019