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Crowell, Caroline (1893–1972)

Biography Entry

Caroline Crowell, physician for the University of Texas in Austin, the daughter of William James and Frances (Eakins) Crowell, was born on May 17, 1893, in Avondale, Pennsylvania. She received a B.A. degree in 1916 from Bryn Mawr and a B.S. degree in industrial chemistry in 1918 from Pennsylvania State College. During World War I she worked as a chemist in a munitions factory; after the war she worked as an industrial chemist with the Corning Glass Works in New York before attending the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, where she received her M.D. in 1925. After serving her internship at Woman's Hospital, Philadelphia, she moved to Austin, Texas, where she was a staff physician at the University of Texas Student Health Center from 1926 until her retirement in 1965. At the time of her move to Texas she was one of only two doctors on the university campus and the only woman physician in Austin. From 1929 to 1932 she volunteered her services as night resident physician at Brackenridge Hospital. Dr. Crowell was the niece of the noted nineteenth-century artist Thomas Eakins; she donated to the university's art museum two of her uncle's works, At the Piano and A Portrait of a Lady. She died on August 28, 1972, in Austin and was buried in Austin Memorial Park. She was survived by brothers, nieces, and nephews.

Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.


  • Health and Medicine
  • Physicians and Surgeons
  • General Practitioners
  • Women

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Anonymous, “Crowell, Caroline,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed February 25, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: