Cruger, James F. (unknown–1874)

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: August 18, 2016

James F. Cruger, merchant and publisher, the brother of Jacob W. Cruger, accompanied his brother and Francis Moore, Jr., to Texas in 1836 from Danville, New York. After settling in Houston, they first engaged in the mercantile business, but James Cruger was soon alone when his brother and Moore entered newspaper work and purchased an interest in the Telegraph and Texas Register. Though Cruger remained in the store, he later spent much of his time assisting his brother in his newspaper enterprises. In 1841 his name was substituted for that of his brother as publisher of the Houston Morning Star, and at this time the Star changed from a daily to a triweekly edition. Cruger died in Houston in 1874.

Joe B. Frantz, Newspapers of the Republic of Texas (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1940). Mary Glasscock Frazier, Texas Newspapers during the Republic (March 2, 1836-February 19, 1846) (M. Journ. thesis, University of Texas, 1931). Douglas C. McMurtrie, "Pioneer Printing in Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 35 (January 1932). Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Texas Collection, April 1944.

  • Journalism
  • Newspapers
  • Publishers and Executives
Time Periods:
  • Republic of Texas
  • Antebellum Texas
  • Houston
  • Upper Gulf Coast
  • East Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Anonymous, “Cruger, James F.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 27, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 18, 2016

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