Crump, William E. (1809–1889)

By: Jennifer Eckel

Type: Biography

Published: April 30, 2008

William E. Crump, Texas legislator, was born late in 1809 in North Carolina. He married Rosa Ballantine, an English immigrant, at Northampton, North Carolina, on May 12, 1836, and soon after he moved his family to Vicksburg, Mississippi. In the early 1840s the Crump family moved to Texas where they established a plantation on the Brazos River east of Bellville and north of San Felipe.

William Crump participated in the attempts to repel the Mexican Invasions of 1842. He was elected to the Texas State House of Representatives from Austin County. Although this was William Crump's first time holding public office at any level, he was elected speaker of the First Legislature on the first ballot and without substantial opposition. During the session he took a brief leave of absence; he also tendered his resignation on May 1, 1846, only twelve days before the legislature adjourned for the summer. Crump was reelected to serve in both the Second and Third legislatures, although he did not again hold the title of Speaker. He resigned during his third term in the legislature, returning early to his home in Bellville.

William Crump was one of central Texas's wealthiest men and had extensive landholdings throughout the region. Crump also served a term as Austin county judge. William E. Crump died in Bellville on January 3, 1889.

Legislative Reference Library of Texas (, accessed July 26, 2006.
  • First Legislature (1846)
  • Second Legislature (1847-1848)
  • Third Legislature (1849-1850)
  • House

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Jennifer Eckel, “Crump, William E.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 28, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

April 30, 2008