Day, James Monroe (ca. 1840–1904)

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: December 1, 1994

James Monroe (Doc) Day, cattleman and drover, was born in Barry County, Missouri, around 1840, the son of Jesse and Sarah (Logan) Day. He was brought to Texas by his family in 1847 and eventually settled in Mountain City, Hays County. Before the Civil War he engaged in stock raising with his father and brother William H. Day. In 1857, with William and Willis McCutcheon of Bastrop County, he pioneered in blazing a cattle trail to Sedalia, Missouri, and Quincy, Illinois. After the Civil War he owned a ranch in Denton County and drove cattle to Iowa and Kansas. He was a brother-in-law of Jesse L. Driskill and was associated for a time with the Driskill businesses in Austin. Day was ranching in New Mexico when he died at Roswell in 1904.

Joseph G. McCoy, Historic Sketches of the Cattle Trade of the West and Southwest (Kansas City, Missouri: Ramsey, Millett, and Hudson, 1874; rpt., Philadelphia: Porcupine, 1974). James T. Padgitt, "Colonel William H. Day: Texas Ranchman," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 53 (April 1950). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.


  • Ranching and Cowboys
  • Ranchers and Cattlemen
  • Trail Drivers and Riders

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Anonymous, “Day, James Monroe,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed October 16, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

December 1, 1994