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Denman, Leroy Gilbert (1855–1916)

Leroy G. Denman Biography Entry

Leroy Gilbert Denman, lawyer and Texas Supreme Court justice, was born in Guadalupe County, Texas, on October 31, 1855. He was educated principally by his father and subsequently taught school for four years before entering the law school of the University of Virginia, from which he graduated in 1880. He practiced law at New Braunfels for two years before he moved to San Antonio, where he had an active practice in both civil and criminal cases throughout Southwest Texas until 1894, when he was appointed associate justice of the state Supreme Court by Governor James S. Hogg. Denman was reelected to the position and remained on the bench until May 1899, when he resigned and returned to his practice in San Antonio. Among his important opinions was that in Joske v. Irvin, in which the Supreme Court of Texas refused to follow the scintilla-of-evidence rule previously announced by the United States Supreme Court; that in Royal Insurance Company v. McIntyre, in which the court defined for Texas the measure by which total losses in fires would be determined; and that in Crawford v. MacDonald, in which the court defined the difference between direct and collateral attacks on judgments. Denman was not noted for his forensic power, but he was a fluent speaker. He handed down 146 opinions-opinions marked by "brevity, simplicity of expression, and accuracy of legal conclusion." He was married in 1881 to Sue E. Carpenter. He died on September 14, 1916.

Texas Supreme Court, Texas Reports: Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court, Vol. 107 (1917).


  • Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
  • Lawyers
  • Criminal Law and District Attorneys

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Leroy G. Denman, “Denman, Leroy Gilbert,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed March 07, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.