Dominguez, Cristobal (unknown–1814)


By: Robert Bruce Blake

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: February 25, 2021


Cristóbal Domínguez, Spanish army officer and interim governor of Texas in 1813, came to Texas in 1810. Governor Manuel Salcedo appointed him adjutant inspector of presidios for Texas and later commander of frontier defenses. With the outbreak of the Casas Revolt, José María Guadiana, military commandant at Nacogdoches, had Domínguez arrested because of his loyalty to the Spanish government. Domínguez escaped and fled to Natchitoches, Louisiana, where he remained until the overthrow of the Casas government in Béxar. He returned to Nacogdoches on May 1, 1811, arrested Guadiana, and took over the duties of lieutenant governor until September 20, when he was removed due to his unpopularity with the local population. Commandant General Nemesio Salcedo then reassigned him to the Rio Grande  as subinspector of presidios. Domínguez joined the campaign of the new commandant general, Joaquín de Arredondo, against  the Gutiérrez-Magee expedition. He participated in the battle of Medina, earning a recommendation from Arredondo for promotion. He was subsequently promoted to lieutenant colonel and appears to have been among Arredondo’s most trusted officers.  Arredondo appointed Domínguez the ad interim governor of Texas in late August 1813, and on December 15, 1813, made him second in command of the Eastern Provincias Internas. During his tenure as interim governor, Domínguez confronted problems provisioning and paying troops while continuing to suppress lingering signs of rebelliousness in the population and dealing with growing American Indian raiding. His death was announced in San Antonio in October 1814, and in April 1815 the alcalde at Presidio del Río Grande reported that Domínguez  left a  substantial bequest of 50 pesos for public education there.

Bexar Archives, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Julia Kathryn Garrett, Green Flag Over Texas: A Story of the Last Years of Spain in Texas (Austin: Pemberton Press, 1939). Félix Almaraz, Tragic Cavalier: Governor Manuel Salcedo of Texas, 1808-1813 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971). Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas, 1519-1936, Vol. 6, The Fight For Freedom, 1810-1836 (reprint; New York: Arno Press, 1976). Bradley Folsom, Arredondo: Last Spanish Rule of Texas and Northeastern New Spain (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2017).

Time Periods:
  • Spanish Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Robert Bruce Blake, “Dominguez, Cristobal,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 29, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/dominguez-cristobal.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

1952
February 25, 2021

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