Elliott, George Washington (1830–1910)

By: N. Ethie Eagleton

Type: Biography

Published: 1976

Updated: October 16, 2020

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George Washington Elliott, physician and rancher, was born in Boone County, Missouri, in 1830, one of eight children of Reuben and Elizabeth (Wilhite) Elliott. He married Harriett E. McQuity in 1869, and they had three children. A physician by profession, in 1870 Elliott patented the Elliott saddlebag, known and appreciated by country physicians. The saddlebag was made and sold by A. A. Mellier of St. Louis, Missouri. In 1878 Elliott moved to Bexar County, Texas, where he established a 1,700-acre ranch a few miles northwest of San Antonio. Because of his interest in testing the endurance of Durham cattle in the Texas open range, he built the first pasture fence and the first artificial watering tanks in Bexar County for forty-five purebred Durhams that he bred to stocker cattle. He was one of the first ranchers to introduce pure-bred Durhams to Texas. He also cultivated hay to supply provender for the army post at San Antonio. In 1884 Elliott sold his ranch and stock, and two years later he established the 20,000-acre T Ranch in Upton County, on which he stocked 1,000 cattle. For his headquarters he built a two-room rock house across from the old Butterfield Overland Mail station. In 1890 Elliott sold the ranch to R. S. Benson and moved to Midland. He was elected chairman of the board for the organization of the First National Bank. In Midland he devoted full time to the practice of medicine. In 1900 Elliott moved to Fort Worth, where he died on May 12, 1910. He was buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Fort Worth.

James Cox, Historical and Biographical Record of the Cattle Industry (2 vols., St. Louis: Woodward and Tiernan Printing, 1894, 1895; rpt., with an introduction by J. Frank Dobie, New York: Antiquarian, 1959). Wilson Gregg, Alexander Gregg, First Bishop of Texas (Sewanee: Tennessee University Press, 1912). Midland Reporter-Telegram, October 18, 1953.


  • Health and Medicine
  • Physicians and Surgeons
  • General Practitioners
  • Ranching and Cowboys
  • Ranchers and Cattlemen


  • North Texas
  • Dallas/Fort Worth Region
  • Fort Worth

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

N. Ethie Eagleton, “Elliott, George Washington,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed September 21, 2021, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/elliott-george-washington.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

October 16, 2020

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