English, Joshua (ca. 1807–1873)

By: Richard D. English

Type: Biography

Published: January 1, 1995

Updated: May 9, 2017

Joshua English, early Texas Ranger and soldier, was born about 1807 in Tennessee, the son of Elizabeth (Denton) and James English. He followed older brothers to Texas in the 1820s and settled in Tenehaw Municipality. Although a farmer most of his life, he fought in several military campaigns. He served from July 1835 to November 1835 in Capt. John English's company and Col. Stephen F. Austin's regiment, and was in the battle of Nacogdoches and at San Antonio before the siege of Bexar with his brother John. Joshua English fought in the Cherokee War in 1837. He enlisted in one of the earliest companies of the Texas Rangers during the Republic of Texas and was part of the unit guarding the crossings of the Sabine River, the United States boundary. He also served with Capt. Alfred M. Truitt under Col. John C. Hays in the Mexican War. He married Candace Todd of Shelbyville, Texas, and they had ten children. He subsequently married Martha Ann Stephens, with whom he had three children. English died in Houston County on November 28, 1873. His grave was marked with a Texas Centennial marker in 1936.

Houston County Historical Commission, History of Houston County, Texas, 1687–1979 (Tulsa, Oklahoma: Heritage, 1979). Gifford E. White, Character Certificates in the General Land Office of Texas (1985). Gifford E. White, 1830 Citizens of Texas (Austin: Eakin, 1983).

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Richard D. English, “English, Joshua,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed August 19, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/english-joshua.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

January 1, 1995
May 9, 2017