Rhoads H. Fisher, Confederate infantry officer, was born on March 13, 1832, in Matagorda County, son of Samuel Rhoads Fisher and Ann (Pleasants) Fisher. His father, Samuel Rhoads Fisher, was the namesake of Fisher County, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and the first Secretary of the Navy for the Republic of Texas. During the 1840s Rhoads was educated at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut. In the 1850s he lived in Matagorda and worked as a clerk. Rhoads Fisher married Sophia Rollins Harris on January 12, 1860, and lived in Austin, Travis County, where he worked as a clerk, and owned eight slaves.
Fisher voted in favor of secession, and on October 1, 1861, he enlisted in the Sixth Texas Infantry as captain of Company G (also known as the Travis Rifles). The Sixth Texas Infantry served in the Trans-Mississippi Department. During the January 11, 1863, battle at Arkansas Post, Fisher was captured and sent to prison at Camp Chase, Ohio, and then he was moved to Fort Delaware. He was released at City Point on April 29, 1863, and in 1864 became the temporary commander of the Sixth Texas Infantry. During the siege of Atlanta on August 21, 1864, he was wounded and visited the hospital. On November 2, 1864, he was promoted to major, and the commanding officers recommended him for a lieutenant colonel position. Although he was approved, no position was open for him to take.
During the November 30, 1864, battle in Franklin, Tennessee, he was captured again; this time he was taken to Johnson's Island, Ohio, and was released after the war on June 16, 1865. At the time he was described as five foot ten inches tall, with blue eyes and red hair. After the war Fisher returned to Austin, Texas. By October 9, 1868, he was on the board of directors of the Young Men's Real Estate and Building Association of Austin. In 1870 he worked as a farmer in Austin. By February of 1880 he worked as chief clerk of the General Land Office and held the position until 1892. He was accused of land fraud in 1880 but was acquitted of all charges. In 1888 he continued to serve on the board of the Young Men's Real Estate and Building Association. In 1892 he worked as land commissioner in Austin. On April 25, 1895, he married Susie Haley in Austin. By 1900 he was widowed and lived in Burnett, Texas. In 1910 he lived in Galveston and worked as an engineer. Fisher died on November 24, 1911, in Galveston and is buried at Oakwood Cemetery in Austin.