Hugh Nugent Fitzgerald, journalist, son of William Laurens Fitzgerald, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, probably in 1857. He attended Jesuit College in Ireland. Upon returning to North America he traveled throughout the United States, Mexico, and Canada, working in mining camps and at various occupations. He married Alice Parsons Wood in 1879 in South Carolina. They had two children. The family moved to Texas in 1889, where Fitzgerald began newspaper work, first as a sports writer and later as a political commentator. He became managing editor and staff correspondent on the Dallas Morning News, with which he was associated for fourteen years. In the early 1900s he was employed as editor of the Dallas Times Herald for ten years. He later edited the Fort Worth Record (see FORT WORTH STAR-TELEGRAM) and was owner, publisher, and editor of the Wichita Falls Record News, before he joined the Marsh-Fentress interests and established his home in Austin in 1921; there he was chief editorial writer for the Austin American, the Austin Statesman (see AUSTIN AMERICAN-STATESMAN), and allied newspapers for more than ten years.
Fitzgerald managed the gubernatorial campaigns of Charles A. Culberson and Oscar B. Colquitt, served two terms as a member of the Texas Historical and Library Commission, and was for twelve years a member of the board of regents of the College of Industrial Arts (now Texas Woman's University). From 1925 until 1933 he was president of the board; one of the residence halls at the university is named in his honor. Fitzgerald wrote almost exclusively for newspapers. His other works include Texans and Their State (1918), which he edited with other Texas newspapermen, and Governors I have Known (1927). In February 1931 he was honored by the Texas Senate for his service in journalism, and his portrait was hung on the Senate wall.
Fitzgerald's first wife died in 1910. On April 30, 1921, he married Donna Roberts. He was a Catholic. He died in Austin on May 6, 1936, and was buried in Dallas.