Flanagan, Minnie A. (1902–1987)

By: Peggy Hardman

Type: Biography

Published: January 1, 1995

Updated: February 16, 2020

Minnie Flanagan, black civil rights leader, was born in 1902 in Chandler, Texas. She moved to Dallas in 1918 and immediately became active in the civic affairs of the city. She and her husband, Pat Lee Flanagan, a native Texan and locker-room manager at the Dallas Country Club, had one son. From 1937 to 1949 Minnie Flanagan was active in the Democratic Progressive Voters League; she became one of two women on the league's executive committee. She served also on the National Metropolitan Council of Negro Women and with the Dallas Negro Chamber of Commerce. In the 1950s, with her husband, she opened the Oak Cliff Youth Center in their home, thus providing a place for Dallas teenagers to meet on weekends. By day the center functioned as a day nursery for working black mothers. In 1953 she was named Zeta Phi Beta sorority's Woman of the Year. Aside from her civil-rights activities, the sorority recognized Minnie Flanagan's tireless efforts on behalf of the Maria Morgan Branch of the YWCA and her presidency of the Daughters of Smith Chapel, AME Church, as well as of the American Democratic Association. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s her interest in civil rights increased. She worked to organize and participated in demonstrations against segregated cafeterias and public facilities in Dallas. She served as president of the Dallas NAACP from 1959 to 1961. In 1986 her achievements were recognized by the bestowal of the NAACP Heritage award. In her last years she gave dedicated service to the American Cancer Association. She died in May 1987.

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Dallas Morning News, December 19, 1969, May 15, 1987. W. Marvin Dulaney, "The Progressive Voters League-A Political Voice for African Americans in Dallas," Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Spring 1991. Minnie Flanagan Papers, Dallas Historical Society.

  • Peoples
  • African Americans
  • Activism and Social Reform
  • Activists
  • Civic Leaders
  • Women
  • Civil Rights, Segregation, and Slavery
Time Periods:
  • Progressive Era
  • Great Depression
  • Texas in the 1920s
  • World War II
  • Texas Post World War II
  • Dallas/Fort Worth Region
  • Dallas
  • North Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Peggy Hardman, “Flanagan, Minnie A.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed July 05, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/flanagan-minnie-a.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

January 1, 1995
February 16, 2020

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: