Joe B. Frantz, historian, adopted son of Ezra A. and Mary (Buckley) Frantz, was born in Dallas, Texas, on January 16, 1917. He grew up in Weatherford, graduated from Weatherford High School in 1934, attended Weatherford College for two years, transferred to the University of Texas, and graduated in 1938 with a bachelor's degree in journalism. He completed a master's degree in history in 1940 at the University of Texas and worked as archivist and acting director of the San Jacinto Museum before joining the United States Navy in 1943. Lieutenant Frantz served in the South Pacific as a communications officer in eight major engagements during World War II and then returned to the University of Texas as a teaching fellow. In 1948 he finished Ph.D. work under the direction of Walter Prescott Webb. His dissertation, published as Gail Borden, Dairyman to a Nation by the University of Oklahoma Press in 1951, won the Texas Institute of Letters prize. Hired by the history department at the University of Texas as an assistant professor in 1949, Frantz became an associate professor in 1953 and full professor in 1959. With Julian E. Choate as a coauthor, his The American Cowboy: The Myth and the Reality, published by the University of Oklahoma Press in 1955, established his reputation as an historian of the American West. This was followed in 1961 with 6,000 Miles of Fence: Life on the XIT Ranch of Texas, written with Cordelia Sloan Duke. Meanwhile, Frantz became noted as an outstanding teacher and speaker. He served as chair of the history department, 1959–65, became director of the Texas State Historical Association and editor of the Southwestern Historical Quarterly, 1966–77, and was honored as the first holder of the Walter Prescott Webb Chair of History and Ideas at the University of Texas, 1977–80. He retired as professor emeritus in 1986. During his tenure at the University of Texas he wrote thirteen books and supervised more than fifty graduate students. He also worked as the director of the Lyndon B. Johnson Oral History Project, 1967–74, which produced 1,000 oral history interviews to supplement the collection of materials at the Johnson presidential library. Frantz served, in addition, as president of various organizations-Phi Alpha Theta, the international honor society for history, 1962–64; Southwestern Social Science Association, 1963–64; Texas Institute of Letters, 1967–69; Southern Historical Association, 1977–78; and Western History Association, 1978–79. Following his retirement from the University of Texas Frantz taught at Corpus Christi State University as Turnbull Professor in History until 1993. There he continued oral history work, facilitated the quincentennial voyage of the Columbian replica ships, and finished in 1988 a final book, Lure of the Land: Texas County Maps and the History of Settlement, written with Mike Cox. The book won awards from the Texas Historical Commission and from the Sons of the Republic of Texas. Two daughters were born in his marriage to Helen Andrews Boswell of Weatherford, 1939–79. During the next decade he was married twice. In 1990 he married Betsy Chadderdon of Houston. Frantz was a strong Democrat with a preference for the Methodist Church. He died on November 13, 1993, in Houston.