Robert Cummins Fulgham, county judge, soldier, and Primitive Baptist leader, was born to Micajah and Rachel (Taylor) Fulgham on February 6, 1817, in Twiggs County, Georgia. He married Eleanor Madoriah Kirkwood in Natchez, Mississippi; they had ten children. Fulgham moved to Texas about 1840 and became a small slaveholder and farmer, who raised cattle, sheep, and hogs in the early Tyler County settlement of Billiams (or Billums) Creek. At one time he owned more than 3,500 acres of land in Tyler County; he engaged in modest land speculation. Fulgham was first clerk and later moderator of the Louisiana-Texas Predestinarian Baptist Association from 1850 to about 1870. In 1859 he was a member of the committee to build the first Philadelphia Primitive Baptist church in Tyler County. During the Civil War he served as a private in the Mount Hope Home Guards. He also served as chief justice of Tyler County from November 26, 1860, to August 24, 1865, when he was replaced by Andrew J. Hamilton, the provisional governor. Fulgham was then elected chief judge on June 25, 1866, but was disqualified during Reconstruction and replaced again by Harrison. Later he served as justice of the peace, and he was county tax assessor from 1890 until his death on July 14, 1893, in Tyler County.
Is history important to you?
We need your support because we are a non-profit organization that relies upon contributions from our community in order to record and preserve the history of our state. Every dollar helps.
John Bennett Boddie, Historical Southern Families (Redwood City, California: Pacific Coast, 1959). It's Dogwood Time in Tyler County (Woodville, Texas, 1953, 1954, 1956).
Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
Politics and Government
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
John P. Landers,
“Fulgham, Robert Cummins,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed July 01, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
January 1, 1995