The Handbook of Texas is free-to-use thanks to the support of readers like you. Support the Handbook today.

Font size: A / A reset

Support Texas History Now


Join TSHA to support quality Texas history programs and receive exclusive benefits.

Become a TSHA Member Today »

Garwood, Calvin Baxter (1894–1960)

W. St. John Garwood Biography Entry

Calvin Baxter Garwood, lawyer and Texas National Guard officer, son of Hettie (Page) and Hiram Morgan Garwood, was born at Bastrop, Texas, on March 26, 1894. His parents moved to Houston about 1900, and he received his early education there at Sacred Heart School and St. Thomas College, before graduating from Georgetown Preparatory School, Washington, D.C., in 1911. He received an A.B. from Georgetown University in 1915 and, after military service, an LL.B from the University of Texas in 1920. After school he became a partner in the law firm Barker, Botts, Parker, and Garwood. He joined Sewell, Taylor, Morris, and Garwood in 1931, served as a substitute special judge of the Fifty-fifth District Court, and in 1935 was president of the Houston Bar Association.

In May 1916 Garwood enlisted in the Second Infantry Regiment of the Texas National Guard, which was called into active federal service on the Mexican border, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Thirty-sixth Infantry Division after a year of duty. He remained a national guard officer almost continuously until his retirement as brevet brigadier general at the end of 1946. His assignments during these thirty years included active service in the two world wars, commander of the school of military government at Yale University, and state service in the martial-law episodes at Galveston and in the East Texas oilfield. His part in the Meuse-Argonne (Champagne) offensive (1918) earned him the French Croix de Guerre with Gilt Star. His World War II decorations included Officer of the Order of the British Empire and the United States Army Commendation Medal for his part in the military-government training program.

After the war Garwood returned to Houston and with his son started Garwood and Garwood in 1953. Garwood was an Episcopalian. He was a director of the Second National Bank in Houston and a member of the American Bar Association, the State Bar of Texas, the military affairs committee of the chamber of commerce, and the American Legion. In 1921 he married Christie Moore; they had two children. Following the death of his first wife in 1957, Garwood married Daisy Reisner Long. He died on May 14, 1960, and was buried in Forest Park Cemetery, Houston.

Houston Post, May 15, 1960.

Categories:

  • Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
  • Lawyers
  • General Law

Time Periods:

  • Progressive Era
  • World War II
  • Texas Post World War II

Places:

  • Houston
  • Upper Gulf Coast
  • East Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

W. St. John Garwood, “Garwood, Calvin Baxter,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed January 22, 2021, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/garwood-calvin-baxter.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects:

Loading