Garwood, Hiram Morgan (1864–1930)

By: Anthony S. Powers

Type: Biography

Published: 1976

Updated: February 14, 2017

Hiram Morgan Garwood, lawyer, judge, and legislator, was born in Bastrop, Texas, on January 11, 1864, the son of Calvin B. and Frances B. (Walker) Garwood. He studied at Excelsior College, graduated from the University of the South in 1883, and was admitted to the bar in November 1885. For the next fifteen years he practiced law in Bastrop and later at La Grange as a member of Brown, Lane, and Garwood. Garwood served in the Texas House of Representatives from 1886 to 1888 and was a member of the state Democratic executive committee in 1888. From 1888 to 1890 he served as county judge for Bastrop County. He was a member of the Texas Senate from 1890 to 1892. He moved to Houston in 1902 and after 1904 became a partner in the law firm of Baker, Botts, Parker, and Garwood (later Baker and Botts, where he served as an expert on railroad rates and corporate law. He served two years on the board of regents of the University of Texas and one term (1906) as president of the Texas Bar Association. In 1922 the University of the South awarded him an honorary doctor of civil law degree. He was a director of the Texas and New Orleans Railroad Company, vice president of the Second National Bank of Houston, and general attorney for the Southern Pacific Lines in Texas. He was a member of the American Institute of Law and a Mason. Garwood married Hettie Page on August 9, 1890, and they had three children. Hettie Garwood died in 1917, and in March 1921 Garwood married Huberta Nunn. He died on May 15, 1930, in Houston.

John Henry Brown, Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas (Austin: Daniell, 1880; reprod., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Marcellus E. Foster and Alfred Jones, eds., South and Southeast Texas (n.p.: Jas. O. Jones, 1928). Houston Post-Dispatch, May 16, 1930. Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Clarence R. Wharton, ed., Texas under Many Flags (5 vols., Chicago: American Historical Society, 1930).

  • Education
  • School Trustees and Regents
  • Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
  • Politics and Government
  • Judges
  • Twentieth Legislature (1887-1888)
  • Twenty-second Legislature (1891-1892)
  • House
  • Senate
Time Periods:
  • Late Nineteenth-Century Texas
  • Progressive Era
  • Texas in the 1920s
  • Houston
  • Upper Gulf Coast
  • East Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Anthony S. Powers, “Garwood, Hiram Morgan,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 30, 2022,

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February 14, 2017

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