Arthur Grollman, kidney disease and hypertension specialist, the son of Simon and Bessie Flora (Karp) Grollman, was born on October 20, 1901, in Baltimore, Maryland. He received three degrees from Johns Hopkins University—an A. B in 1920, a Ph.D. in chemistry in 1923, and an M.D. in 1930. He also attended the University of Chicago and the University of Michigan. In March 1926 he married Anna Louise Costello. They had three children.
After completing his medical degree Grollman served from 1930 to 1931 as a Guggenheim fellow at the universities of London, Berlin, Düsseldorf, and Heidelberg. He worked as a professor at several schools around the nation before moving to Dallas in 1944 to become a professor of medicine and chairman of the Department of Experimental Medicine at Southwestern Medical School of the University of Texas (now the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas). At Southwestern he served as professor and chairman of the departments of physiology and pharmacology.
Grollman was a lecturer and visiting professor in the United States and Mexico. He received a number of awards, including the Marchman award, the Guggenheim Memorial Award, and in 1969 the Gold Medal of the Law-Science Academy. He was a member of the American Physiological Society, the American Therapeutic Society, the American Medical Association, and the Korean Medical Society. In addition to contributing articles to professional journals he wrote or edited five books, including Cardiac Output of Man in 1932, Acute Renal Failure: Pathogenesis and Treatment in 1954, and Clinical Endocrinology in 1964. He served as a consultant for Baylor University Hospital and the United States Air Force. Grollman's most outstanding achievement in his field was his research on peritoneal dialysis, a treatment for kidney disease and hypertension. He died in Dallas on January 30, 1980.
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New York Times, January 31, 1980. Texas Medicine, May 1980. Who Was Who in America, Vol. 7.
Health and Medicine
Founders and Pioneers
Writers, Authors, Publications, and Literature
Authors and Writers
Dallas/Fort Worth Region
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Lisa C. Maxwell,
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed June 27, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
January 1, 1995
Most Recent Revision Date:
April 6, 2013
This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: