Groves, TX


By: Robert Wooster

Type: General Entry

Published: 1952

Updated: January 1, 1995


Groves is on State highways 73, 87, and 347, north of Port Arthur and eleven miles southeast of Beaumont in eastern Jefferson County. It was laid out by the Griffing brothers of Port Arthur in 1916, on part of a tract conveyed by John Warne Gates to the Griffings five years earlier. The subdivision, originally called Pecan Grove, was referred to as simply The Groves when it was taken over before 1921 by the Port Arthur Land and Development Company. Groves secured a post office in 1929 and eventually became a heavily industrialized town on the Kansas City Southern Railway near the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway. The Atlantic refining plant began operations in Groves in 1936. During the 1980s the area's industries included shipbuilding, refineries, and petrochemical plants. The population of Groves grew from an estimated 1,300 around 1950 to 17,304 by 1960. After failed efforts in 1950 and 1951, Groves incorporated in 1952 by a 1,079 to 262 vote. During the mid-1980s the Groves population remained at just over 17,000. Though at that time Groves had some 174 businesses, the city suffered severe economic setbacks in the wake of falling oil prices in the early 1980s, as did most of industrialized southeast Texas. In 1990 the city's population was reported as 16,513. The population dropped to 15,733 in 2000.

Places:
  • Communities

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Robert Wooster, “Groves, TX,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 22, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/groves-tx.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

1952
January 1, 1995

Place
Groves
Currently Exists
Yes
Place Type
Town
USGS ID
2410669
Town Fields
  • Has post office: Yes
  • Is Incorporated: Yes
Belongs to
  • Jefferson County
Associated Names

Pecan Grove

Coordinates
  • Latitude: 29.94564640°
  • Longitude: -93.91635300°
Population Counts
People Year
17,304 1960
18,067 1970
17,090 1980
16,744 1990
15,733 2000
16,144 2010
15,907 2019