Guasa Indians

By: Thomas N. Campbell

Type: General Entry

Published: 1976

Updated: August 1, 1995

The status of the Guasa (Guaser, Guaza, Guesa, Huasa) Indians in Texas is far from clear. In a Spanish missionary report of 1691 a group identified as Guaza was reported as living about eighty leagues southwest of the Hasinai Caddos. This name did not appear again in documents until the second half of the eighteenth century, when the Guasa Indians were identified as enemies of the Comanches and also as trading with various Indian groups in northeastern Texas. These Guasa Indians seem to have been the Osage Indians, who at that time were ranging from western Missouri into eastern Kansas and Oklahoma. At present it is not possible to link the Guazas of 1691 with the Guasas of the late eighteenth century.

Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–58; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942). R. C. Troike, "A Pawnee Visit to San Antonio in 1795," Ethnohistory 11 (1964).


  • Peoples
  • Native American
  • Tribes (Other)

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Thomas N. Campbell, “Guasa Indians,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed October 27, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 1, 1995