Vicente Ramón Guerrero, leader of Mexican rebels against Spanish rule and president of Mexico, the son of Juan Pedro Guerrero and María Guadalupe Saldaño, was born in Textla, Mexico, on August 1, 1782. He became the leader of guerrilla forces in the Mexican war of independence and in 1824 won the vice presidency of Mexico. In 1828 Manuel Gómez Pedraza defeated him for the presidency, but with Pedraza's enforced resignation, Guerrero was recognized as president on April 1, 1829. His relationship to Texas history is through the Guerrero Decree, which was regarded as a confiscation of property and so alarmed the vested interests in Mexico that it led to a revolt against him. Anastasio Bustamante succeeded him as chief executive on January 1, 1830, and Guerrero was shot by a firing squad on February 14, 1831.