The Handbook of Texas is free-to-use thanks to the support of readers like you. Support the Handbook today.

Font size: A / A reset

Support Texas History Now

Join TSHA to support quality Texas history programs and receive exclusive benefits.

Become a TSHA Member Today »

Hacanac Indian Province

Margery H. Krieger General Entry

Hacanac Indian Province was reported to Luis de Moscoso Alvarado in 1542 as lying, apparently, on the northwest border of Texas. This was the territory of the Red River Caddos. On July 20, 1542, the Hacanacs joined with men from Amaye and Naguatex and attacked Moscoso.

Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959). Rex W. Strickland, "Moscoso's Journey through Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 46 (October 1942).


  • Peoples
  • Native American
  • Provinces

Time Periods:

  • Spanish Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Margery H. Krieger, “Hacanac Indian Province,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed March 04, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: