Hart, Andrew Jackson (1832–1896)

By: Aragorn Storm Miller

Type: Biography

Published: August 4, 2008

Updated: August 17, 2014

Andrew Jackson (A. J.) Hart, farmer, stock raiser, Confederate officer, and jurist, was born in Scott County, Arkansas, on May 14, 1832, the son of Meredith and Mary (Riley) Hart. The Hart family immigrated to Texas in 1834 and settled in Fannin County. Meredith Hart fought with the Texian forces in the Texas Revolution then returned to Fannin County where he engaged as a farmer and stock raiser. Hart himself assisted on the family farm until he was sent to McKey's Institute in Red River County to receive his education. Upon completion of his studies he returned to Fannin County where he married Theodocia A. Reeves on November 26, 1854. It is unknown whether this couple had children. Shortly after his marriage Hart relocated his family to Johnson County. Here in addition to farming and husbandry Hart assumed a prominent role in community affairs. During 1855 he was elected presiding officer of the county.

On October 13, 1862, following the outbreak of the Civil War, Hart joined the Confederate Army, enlisting in Company B of Stone's Cavalry (Second Texas Partisan Rangers) as first lieutenant. Hart saw action with this unit in the Trans-Mississippi theater including the Red River campaign and the Louisiana battles of Mansfield, Pleasant Hill, and Yellow Bayou, in April and May of 1864. Hart was taken prisoner at Yellow Bayou and spent the summer of 1864 in Federal custody at New Orleans. Following his exchange Hart rejoined his unit, receiving promotion to captain before the end of the war. At the cessation of hostilities he returned to Texas, staying briefly in Johnson County before settling a 650-acre homestead in the vicinity of Glen Rose (in present-day Somervell County) in December 1869. In 1873 Hart won election on the Democratic ticket as representative for District Twenty-three—comprised of Johnson, Hood, Parker, Erath, Palo Pinto, Stephens, Shackelford, Jones, Eastland, Callahan, Taylor, Hill, Jack, Young, Throckmorton, and Haskell counties—to the Fourteenth Texas Legislature. Hart won reelection to state office for the Fifteenth Texas Legislature, this time representing District Sixty-nine, which included Bosque, Hood, and Somervell counties. Following this turn at state office, Hart returned to Hood County where he resumed his leadership in the community. His final turn at public service was as county judge from 1884 through 1888. A. J. Hart died on December 1, 1896, and was buried in White Church Cemetery in Glen Rose in Somervell County. He was a Royal Arch Mason.

IGI Individual Record: "Andrew J. Hart" (http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/search/frameset_search.asp?PAGE=ancestorsearchresults.asp), accessed August 9, 2007. History of Texas, Supplemented with Biographical Mention of Many Families of the State (Chicago: Lewis, 1896). Members of the Legislature of the State of Texas from 1846 to 1939 (Austin: Texas Legislature, 1939).


  • Fourteenth Legislature (1874-1875)
  • Fifteenth Legislature (1876)
  • House

Time Periods:

  • Civil War

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Aragorn Storm Miller, “Hart, Andrew Jackson,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed January 20, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/hart-andrew-jackson.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 4, 2008
August 17, 2014

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: