The Hastings oilfield is located five miles north of Alvin and eighteen miles south of Houston, on the Brazoria-Galveston county line. It is approximately five miles long and four miles wide and lies over a deep-seated salt dome. It was discovered by Stanolind Oil and Gas Company (later to become Amoco) on December 23, 1934, when the first well drilled in the field, the Stanolind Oil and Gas Company 1 J. W. Surface, came in. Edgar F. Bullard, who was a vice president of Stanolind at the time, purchased lease rights for the field within two days. Lease prices jumped from a dollar an acre to $5,000 an acre.
On October 1, 1958, Hastings field was divided into Hastings East and Hastings West, by a major fault that runs from northwest to southeast almost exactly on a line followed by Texas Highway 35 between Pearland and Alvin. Major discoveries have been in the Marginlina, Frio, and Vicksburg formation sands of the Oligocene epoch, ranging in depths from about 5,000 feet to 10,000 feet. The deepest well known to have been drilled at the field was drilled on the Brown Lease by Stanolind Oil and Gas Company in 1953. Its depth was 13,024 feet, and it cost $232,000 to drill.
Oil production through 1984 totaled 656.2 million barrels, of which 108.4 million were from the Hastings East field and 547.8 million were from the Hastings West field. The production rate in 1984 was 1.06 million barrels of oil a day for Hastings East and 11.6 for Hastings West, for a total of 12.7 million.
The Hastings field is in an advanced stage of primary depletion. As of 1985, there were no oil wells flowing in either the East or West fields. The East field had fifty-five wells that require artificial lift systems in order to produce, while the West field had 242, totaling 297 wells that do not flow without artificial help. Some wells have been shut in or plugged, 120 in the East field and 350 in the West field. In 1990 Hastings East produced 295,151 barrels from twenty-nine wells, and cumulative production reached 326,921,000 barrels. The same year, Hastings West had 108 wells and produced 1,586,496 barrels; its cumulative production was 353,538,342 barrels.