Trezevant C. Hawpe, farmer, Confederate officer, and politician, son of George Hawpe, was born on September 16, 1821, in Georgia. As a young man he moved to Tennessee, where he met and married his first wife. In 1845 they moved to Dallas County, Texas. Shortly after their arrival Mrs. Hawpe died, and on May 31, 1848, Hawpe married Electa Ann Underwood Bethurum, a widow from New York. Hawpe had one son by his first wife and seven children by his second. He was elected sheriff of Dallas County in 1850 and 1852. He served as justice of the peace for Precinct 1 from 1854 to 1856 and was then elected county coroner. In August 1859 he was secretary of a citizens' meeting convened to expel from Dallas Solomon McKinney, a minister and suspected abolitionist. In 1860 Hawpe was one of the organizers of a county convention called to elect delegates to the state Secession Convention. By 1860, in addition to his political activities, he had a large farm, raised thoroughbred horses, and was a partner in a steam flour mill and an agent for several farm-implement companies. With total taxable property worth over $20,000, Hawpe was one of the wealthiest individuals in Dallas County. He was also an organizer of the Dallas County Agricultural and Mechanical Association and a member of Tannehill Lodge, the county's first Masonic body.
In early 1862 Hawpe organized the Thirty-first Texas Cavalry Regiment and was elected its colonel. The regiment served under Gen. Thomas C. Hindman in Indian Territory, Arkansas, and Missouri. It fought in the battle at Newtonia, Missouri, in September 1862. On November 1, 1862, the regiment was dismounted, and on November 21 Hawpe resigned to return to Dallas. By mid-December 1862 he was engaged in hauling supplies to the Confederate forces in Arkansas and Indian Territory. He served as a trustee for Dallas Male and Female College in 1863. Hawpe was killed in Dallas on August 14, 1863, as a result of a quarrel and was buried in the Masonic Cemetery there.
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Alwyn Barr, Polignac's Texas Brigade, Texas Gulf Coast Historical Association Publication Series 8.1 (November 1964). Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County (Chicago: Lewis, 1892; rpt., Dallas: Walsworth, 1976).
Dallas/Fort Worth Region
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Cecil Harper, Jr.,
“Hawpe, Trezevant C.,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 25, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
January 1, 1995
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