Hinton, Addison C. (unknown–unknown)

By: Thomas W. Cutrer

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: January 1, 1995

Addison C. Hinton, naval officer, after seven years of service in the United States Navy and some additional experience in South America, traveled to Texas, where he worked for three months as a clerk, read law in Houston, and in 1837 joined the Texas Navy. He was commissioned a commander and in April 1839 was appointed captain of the Zavala, the first steam man-of-war in the Gulf and probably the first Hinton had ever seen. From September until November 1839 he also commanded the San Bernard. In the summer of 1839 he is reported to have saved the French vessel Phaeton from wrecking, but the French "Society of Wrecks" awarded its medal to Edwin W. Moore as a reward for that action. On October 29, 1839, Hinton was ordered to New Orleans to have the Zavala refitted and to recruit crews for his own and other ships of the Texas Navy. At the time he knew little of mechanics, finance, or diplomacy. He was able to enlist but few recruits, and many of his own men deserted. After running up $14,000 in repair charges beyond what he had been authorized to spend, he was dismissed from the navy on February 6, 1840, and returned to Texas hurt and bitter. John T. K. Lothrop succeeded him in command of the Zavala. Hinton made several attempts to gain reinstatement in the service; in 1841 the Congress of the Republic of Texas determined that the navy could not dismiss an officer without a court-martial. Hinton was thereupon cleared of any wrongdoing but was not reinstated. He was elected justice of the peace in Galveston on March 1, 1841, and was known to be in New Orleans in February 1843.

Compiled Index to Elected and Appointed Officials of the Republic of Texas, 1835–1846 (Austin: State Archives, Texas State Library, 1981). Alex Dienst, "The Navy of the Republic of Texas," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 12–13 (January-October 1909; rpt., Fort Collins, Colorado: Old Army Press, 1987). C. L. Douglas, Thunder on the Gulf: The Story of the Texas Navy (Dallas: Turner, 1936; rpt., Fort Collins, Colorado: Old Army Press, 1973). Jim Dan Hill, The Texas Navy in Forgotten Battles and Shirtsleeve Diplomacy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1937; rpt., Austin: State House, 1987). Tom Henderson Wells, Commodore Moore and the Texas Navy (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1960).

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Thomas W. Cutrer, “Hinton, Addison C.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed August 15, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/hinton-addison-c.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

January 1, 1995