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Hood, Azariah Jesse (1824–1900)

Stephanie P. Niemeyer Biography Entry

Azariah Jesse Hood, attorney, judge, and state legislator, was born on August 14, 1824, in Lancaster, South Carolina, son of Humphrey and Sarah (Truesdale) Hood. After his mother's death, the family moved to Yalobusha County, Mississippi. At age eighteen Hood left home and began to teach while studying law. In 1846 he was admitted to the bar. He moved to Rusk, Texas, and began his law practice. In 1851 Hood was elected to the state legislature for Cherokee County. Although he was one of the youngest members, he served on the Judiciary Committee and chaired the Engrossed Bills Committee during his term. In 1856 he was elected to serve as a state elector for the Democratic Party.

Hood moved to Parker County and settled in Weatherford in 1860. During the Civil War he stayed in Weatherford to watch for raiding American Indians. He would often lead posses of men to hunt for Indians but was not very successful in repelling them. During this time Hood's first wife, Elizabeth A. (McEwen) Hood, whom he married on May 22, 1852, died leaving him with six children. Hood married his second wife, M. L. Kerr, in 1876 and had one son with her before her death in 1876.

In 1874 Hood was appointed judge of the Thirteenth Judicial Court. He served two years and tried to retire from public life in 1876, but the lack of lawyers in Parker County forced him to resume his law practice in 1878. In 1879 he served as a judge again, and in 1880 he was elected judge of the Twenty-ninth Judicial Court. Hood was a master Mason. Azariah J. Hood died on February 1, 1900.

Genealogy (, accessed July 19, 2006. William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978).


  • Fourth Legislature (1851-1853)
  • House

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Stephanie P. Niemeyer, “Hood, Azariah Jesse,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 16, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 4, 2008
November 20, 2014