Charles William Grose, Black Newspapers in Texas, 1868–1970 (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas, 1972).
- African Americans
- Writers, Authors, Publications, and Literature
- Publications, Journals, and Magazines
- Great Depression
- Texas Post World War II
- Upper Gulf Coast
- East Texas
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Diana J. Kleiner Revised by Leon Richardson, “Houston Defender,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed January 27, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/houston-defender.
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- September 1, 1995
- July 17, 2020