Hume, Francis Charles (1843–1920)

By: Aragorn Storm Miller

Type: Biography

Published: April 14, 2011

Francis Charles Hume, Confederate officer, lawyer, and state representative, was born in Walker County, Texas, on February 17, 1843, to John and Margaret J. (Smith) Hume. Hume’s father was among the earliest settlers of Walker County, arriving there in 1839. Hume was raised in Walker County and received his education there at Austin College as well as at the University of Virginia. In the spring of 1861 shortly after the outbreak of the Civil War, Hume traveled to Virginia where he joined the Confederate Army as second lieutenant for Company D of the Fifth Texas Infantry Regiment. In the autumn of 1861 this unit was incorporated into Hood's Texas Brigade. Hume saw extensive action in Virginia throughout 1862 and participated in the Peninsula campaign and received wounds at the battles of Seven Pines in May and Second Manassas in August. Following the battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862, Hume was promoted to first lieutenant and reassigned to Williamsburg, Virginia, as adjutant for the Thirty-second Battalion, Virginia Cavalry. In early 1864 Hume was transferred to a field command with the Seventh South Carolina Cavalry Regiment. With this unit, he fought at the battle of Tilghman's Farm and received wounds so critical that he was listed among the dead in the initial battle reports. After spending the summer of 1864 convalescing, Hume returned to Texas on furlough in October 1864. He spent a short time in Tyler as a troop inspector before accepting a position as major and assistant adjutant general for Gen. Arthur P. Bagby's staff in Louisiana. He remained in this position until the end of the war.

At the conclusion of the war, Hume returned to Walker County, where he was admitted to the bar at Huntsville. In 1866 he won election as representative for Walker County to the Eleventh Texas Legislature. During that session Hume was co-chair of the Penitentiary Committee. In 1867 Hume relocated to Galveston and established himself as a successful lawyer. Around this time, he married Belle Harlan. This couple had no children. On July 3, 1873, following the 1870 death of his wife, Hume married Mary Kate Lea in San Jacinto. This couple had one son and two daughters. In late 1867 Hume was admitted as an attorney to the Texas Supreme Court, and in 1877 he was admitted as an attorney before the United States Supreme Court in Washington, D.C. In 1902, Hume relocated to Houston. By 1911 he was a senior partner of Hume, Robinson, and Hume. During the late 1800s and early 1900s Hume was a noted guest at Confederate reunions and observances in Huntsville, Houston, and Austin. Hume died on February 9, 1920, in Houston, Texas.

The Affleck Collection (, accessed May 25, 2007. Frank B. Chilton, comp., Unveiling and Dedication of Monument to Hoods' Texas Brigade (Houston: 1911). D'Anne McAdams Crews, ed., Huntsville and Walker County, Texas: A Bicentennial History (Huntsville, Texas: Sam Houston State University Press, 1976). William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Legislative Reference Library of Texas, Committee Overview: Joint Penitentiary—11th R.S. (1866) (, accessed March 17, 2011.


  • Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
  • Lawyers
  • Eleventh Legislature (1866)
  • House

Time Periods:

  • Civil War

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Aragorn Storm Miller, “Hume, Francis Charles,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed December 02, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

April 14, 2011

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: