Hunt, Zimri (1820–1883)

By: Stephanie P. Niemeyer

Type: Biography

Published: August 4, 2008

Updated: November 20, 2014

Zimri Hunt, attorney, judge, and state legislator, was born on October 7, 1820, in Guilford County, North Carolina, son of Ithamar and Mary (Dwiggins) Hunt. He studied literature at Caldwell Institute in Greensboro, North Carolina. He left North Carolina and moved to Missouri where he taught school. In 1844 Hunt began to study law in St. Joseph, Missouri, and from 1845 to 1846 he studied law in Adams County, Mississippi. He moved to Washington County, Texas, in December 1846 where he continued to study law and to teach. In 1849 Hunt was admitted to practice by R. E. B. Baylor. He practiced law in Bellville, Austin County, where he was also the notary public. Hunt's involvement in political life began when he was sworn in to the Texas House of Representatives on November 18, 1850, taking the place of William E. Crump of Bellville who resigned earlier that year. Hunt again represented Austin County in the Ninth Texas Legislature in 1862.

Hunt was an ardent supporter of secession. During the Civil War he commanded a company in the Sixteenth Texas Infantry under George Flournoy, part of Walker's Texas Division. He was present at many battles, including Milliken's Bend, Mansfield, Pleasant Hill, and Jenkins Ferry. After the war he resumed his law career, and he reentered the political arena to serve at the Constitutional Convention of 1866. On November 17, 1866, Zimri Hunt married Fannie L. Springfield; the couple had five children. They moved to Dallas in 1875 where he was elected a district court judge in 1877 and a Dallas city councilman in 1880. Hunt was a Democrat, an Episcopal vestryman, and also a Mason who served as the first Grand Master of Bellville Lodge No. 223.

Zimri Hunt died from pneumonia sometime in the week of January 22, 1883.

Members of the Texas Congress, 1836–1845; Members of the Texas Legislature, 1846–1992 (2 vols.,Austin: Texas Senate, 1992). Jim Wheat's Dallas County Texas Archives, "Obituaries 1883" (, accessed July 19, 2006. William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978).

  • Third Legislature (1849-1850)
  • Ninth Legislature (1861-1863)
  • House
  • North Texas
  • Dallas/Fort Worth Region
  • Dallas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Stephanie P. Niemeyer, “Hunt, Zimri,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed August 14, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 4, 2008
November 20, 2014

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