Anderson Hutchinson, judge and Perote prisoner, was born in Greenbrier County, Virginia, on April 7, 1798. He studied law while helping his father who was clerk of the county court. After he was admitted to the bar, he practiced at Knoxville, Tennessee, Huntsville, Alabama, and in 1835 at Raymond, Hinds County, Mississippi. In 1840 he and Volney E. Howard published A Digest of the Laws of Mississippi. On June 23, 1840, Hutchinson and his wife Mariana (Graves?), arrived in Austin. He opened a law office with immediate success. In 1841 he was appointed judge of the Fourth, or Western, District. He presided at the proceedings against Richard Bullock, the Austin innkeeper who thrashed the servant of the French minister Dubois de Saligny for killing the innkeeper's trespassing pig. This incident provoked an international situation, and Hutchinson wrote an official report concerning the prosecution. Authorities are in accord that Hutchinson was one of the most scholarly lawyers and legal writers who ever sat on a Texas bench. Although a Code of Texas prepared by Hutchinson was never published under his name, it may have been used by Oliver C. Hartley in his compilation. Judge Hutchinson was holding court in San Antonio when the town was captured by Adrián Woll's force on September 10, 1842. When the Mexican Army withdrew, it took along the judge, jurors, court attachés, attending witnesses, and attorneys. Most of them, including Judge Hutchinson, were forwarded to Perote Prison. Hutchinson was released on March 29, 1843, through efforts of Waddy Thompson, United States minister. Upon his release Hutchinson was taken aboard the U.S.S. Vincennes at Vera Cruz and landed at Pensacola. He then returned to his former home at Raymond. On June 10, 1843, from Jackson, Mississippi, he wrote to President Sam Houston tendering his resignation as district judge. Later Hutchinson came to Texas and closed his business affairs. In Raymond he formed a partnership with Henry S. Foote, author of Texas and Texans. In 1848 Hutchinson published the Mississippi Code. He died in 1853. In 1854 his widow received the 640-acre bounty due him as a Perote prisoner. Another relief act was passed in her behalf in 1856. Hutchinson County, Texas, was named in his honor.
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Hobart Huson, District Judges of Refugio County (Refugio, Texas: Refugio Timely Remarks, 1941). James D. Lynch, The Bench and Bar of Texas (St. Louis, 1885).
Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 22, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
September 1, 1995