Imperial, TX (Pecos County)


By: Glenn Justice

Type: General Entry

Published: 1952

Updated: February 1, 1995


Imperial is at the intersection of Farm roads 1053 and 11, four miles south of the Pecos River and twenty-eight miles northeast of Fort Stockton in northern Pecos County. It may have been known as Redlands from 1908 until around 1910 but was apparently renamed for the Imperial Valley of California when a post office and school were established there in 1910. In 1911 a townsite was laid out for the owner of the property, Benjamin E. Bush. Water was diverted from the Pecos River, and a dam was built to form the Imperial Reservoir, eight miles west of the community. An irrigation canal was constructed through Imperial in an effort by land promoters to attract buyers. Water rights were given to buyers, but high saline levels, a declining water supply, and low profits made farming unproductive. In 1925 Imperial had a population of twenty-five. The town had eleven rated businesses and a population of 250 in 1949. By 1968 the population was nearing 1,000, and the town supported twenty-six businesses. However, by 1986 the population had fallen to 720, and only twelve businesses remained. In 1990 the population was still recorded as 720. The population dropped to 428 in 2000.

Pecos County Historical Commission, Pecos County History (2 vols., Canyon, Texas: Staked Plains, 1984).
Places:
  • Communities

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Glenn Justice, “Imperial, TX (Pecos County),” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 19, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/imperial-tx-pecos-county.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

1952
February 1, 1995

Place
Imperial
Currently Exists
Yes
Place Type
Town
USGS ID
1359897
Town Fields
  • Has post office: Yes
  • Is Incorporated: No
Belongs to
  • Pecos County
Associated Names

Redlands

Coordinates
  • Latitude: 31.27292090°
  • Longitude: -102.69264970°
Population Counts
People Year
428 2000
278 2010
230 2019