Jackson, Frederick Stith (1809–1863)

By: Mark Odintz

Type: Biography

Published: February 1, 1995

Updated: September 23, 2016

Frederick Stith Jackson, planter, was born in Virginia on April 1, 1809. He married Louisa Malone, the daughter of a successful planter, and their only child was born in Tennessee in 1842. Jackson later moved to Alabama and in 1854 to Anderson County, Texas. By 1860 he owned 118 slaves and was one of the wealthiest planters in Texas. The value of his real property was estimated at $29,000, and his personal property was appraised at $80,000. In 1860 Jackson owned 1,200 acres of improved land and grew 419 bales of cotton and 10,000 bushels of corn. As the largest planter and slaveholder in Anderson County he played an important social role; his home, one mile west of Palestine, had the first ice house in the county. Jackson served as a trustee of Palestine's first school, the Palestine Female Academy. During his life Jackson married four times and fathered eleven children. He died on September 24, 1863, and is buried in Palestine City Cemetery in Anderson County.

Pauline Buck Hohes, A Centennial History of Anderson County, Texas (San Antonio: Naylor, 1936). Ralph A. Wooster, "Notes on Texas' Largest Slaveholders, 1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 65 (July 1961). Ralph A. Wooster, "Wealthy Texans, 1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 71 (October 1967).

  • Agriculture
  • Plantation Owners
Time Periods:
  • Antebellum Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Mark Odintz, “Jackson, Frederick Stith,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 22, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/jackson-frederick-stith.

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February 1, 1995
September 23, 2016