Jones, James Henry (1830–1904)

By: Thomas W. Cutrer

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: February 1, 1995

James Henry Jones, attorney, Confederate Army officer, and United States representative, was born in Shelby County, Alabama, on September 13, 1830, the son of Willis H. and Mary H. (Taylor) Jones; he was raised in Talladega County. He was admitted to the bar in 1851 and established a practice in Henderson, Texas. With the outbreak of the Civil War he raised and took command of a company that was later part of Col. Oran M. Roberts's Eleventh Texas Infantry. After promotion to lieutenant colonel, Jones commanded the regiment during the Red River campaign in the absence of Colonel Roberts and was wounded at the battle of Pleasant Hill. Thereafter he was promoted to colonel, and at the war's end he was commanding the Third Brigade of Walker's Texas Division. He returned to Henderson and was elected a delegate to the Democratic national convention in 1880 at Cincinnati, where he cast his ballot for Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock. In 1883 Jones was elected to the United States House of Representatives from the Third District of Texas; he was a member of the Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth congresses, 1883–87. There he served on the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads and the Committee on Mines and Mining. He returned to Texas in 1887 and resumed his law practice at Henderson, where he died on March 22, 1904. He is buried in the New Cemetery there. James Henry Jones was the brother of Tignal W. Jones; two of his other brothers died in Confederate service.

Biographical Directory of the American Congress (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1859-). Clement Anselm Evans, ed., Confederate Military History (Atlanta: Confederate Publishing, 1899; extended ed., Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot, 1987–89). Galveston Daily News, June 20, 1882. William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Marcus J. Wright, comp., and Harold B. Simpson, ed., Texas in the War, 1861–1865 (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill Junior College Press, 1965).
  • Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
  • Lawyers
  • General Law
Time Periods:
  • Civil War

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Thomas W. Cutrer, “Jones, James Henry,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed August 15, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

February 1, 1995

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