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Joseph, Thomas Miller (1823–1905)

Diana J. Kleiner Biography Entry

Thomas Miller Joseph, attorney, mayor of Galveston, and legislator, the son of Annis (Rogers) and Anthony Joseph, a native of Portugal, was born in Hartford, Connecticut, on February 11, 1823. He was educated in New England. Around 1841 he traveled to Galveston with his mother and worked for the next two years as a schoolteacher while studying law. He later received a third-class land grant. Joseph was admitted to the bar in 1845 and became a Democratic party leader. He served as chief justice and county judge from 1851 to 1855. In 1858 he was elected mayor of Galveston for the first of five consecutive terms. He served as a representative in the state legislature in 1857 and 1873 and as a senator in 1874. Joseph married Mary Minor (Trueheart) on March 11, 1851, and they had eight children. He died at Galveston on March 10, 1905, and was buried in the Episcopal Cemetery there.

H. L. Bentley and Thomas Pilgrim, Texas Legal Directory for 1876–77 (Austin: Democratic Statesman Office, 1877). Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas (New York: Southern, 1880). Marker Files, Texas Historical Commission, Austin.


  • Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
  • Lawyers
  • General Law

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Diana J. Kleiner, “Joseph, Thomas Miller,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed December 04, 2020,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.