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Kian (unknown–unknown)

Elizabeth J. E. Hardin Biography Entry

Kian (Kiamatia or Ki), a black slave girl, was the property of Jane Wilkinson Long. She remained with her mistress on Galveston Island in the winter of 1821–22, secured food for her, and aided in the care of the Long baby born on the island. In 1822 she accompanied Long to the mainland, and eventually to the areas of present Harris County, San Felipe, Brazoria, and Richmond. Kian was mortgaged by General Long and eventually delivered with an option to repurchase to a new owner. Leonard Peck helped Long to redeem her some time later, after which she stayed with the family until her death. Long allowed her to marry, and she had four children. The descendants of Kian were living in Richmond in 1900.

Anne A. Brindley, "Jane Long," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 56 (October 1952). Andrew Jackson Sowell, History of Fort Bend County (Houston: Coyle, 1904; rpt, Richmond, Texas: Fort Bend County Historical Museum, 1974). Martha Anne Turner, The Life and Times of Jane Long (Waco: Texian Press, 1969). Clarence Wharton, Wharton's History of Fort Bend County (San Antonio: Naylor, 1939).


  • Peoples
  • African Americans
  • Activism and Social Reform
  • Civil Rights, Segregation, and Slavery
  • Women
  • Slaves, Freedmen, and Free Blacks

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Elizabeth J. E. Hardin, “Kian,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed March 06, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: