Killough, Ira Griffin (1830–1878)

By: Aragorn Storm Miller

Type: Biography

Published: August 7, 2008

Updated: August 18, 2014

Ira Griffin Killough, farmer, stock raiser, businessman, and state representative, was born in Bolivar, Hardeman County, Tennessee, on March 18, 1830 (according to his headstone). He was the son of David and Louisa (Martin) Killough. His family moved to Talladega County, Alabama, and then to Choctaw County, Mississippi. Killough came to Texas in 1851, settled near Clear Creek, Fayette County, and engaged as a farmer, stock raiser, and real estate speculator. Here, on April 23, 1854, Killough married Tabitha Moore, daughter of Old Three Hundred settler John Henry Moore. This couple had four sons and four daughters. In October 1861 following the outbreak of the Civil War, Killough raised a company of cavalry which was eventually incorporated into the Fifth Texas Cavalry Regiment as Company I. As captain and company commander, Killough saw action in New Mexico, Louisiana, and along the Texas coast, and he was wounded at Yellow Bayou, Louisiana, in May 1864.

At the end of war Killough returned to his farm in Fayette County, staying there briefly before relocating to La Grange in 1867. In 1872 he won election on the Democratic ticket as representative for District Twenty-six—comprised of Bastrop and Fayette counties—to the Thirteenth Texas Legislature. He was murdered—contemporary accounts suggested Killough and his in-laws had been involved in a bitter feud—on October 2, 1878. He was a Mason, a member of Florida Lodge No. 46 at Round Top, and a Presbyterian. He is buried in the Old La Grange Cemetery.

Fayette County History Book Committee, Fayette County, Texas Heritage (2 vols., Dallas: Curtis Media, 1996). Fayette County Historical Commission, "Footprints of Fayette" (, accessed July 11, 2007. IGI Individual Record: "Ira G. Killough" (, accessed July 11, 2007. Bill Manley, "Confederate Units Formed and their Commanding Officers" (, accessed July 11, 2007. Members of the Legislature of the State of Texas from 1846 to 1939 (Austin: Texas Legislature, 1939). Leonie Rummel Weyand and Houston Wade, An Early History of Fayette County (La Grange, Texas: La Grange Journal, 1936).


  • Thirteenth Legislature (1873)
  • House

Time Periods:

  • Civil War

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Aragorn Storm Miller, “Killough, Ira Griffin,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed January 27, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 7, 2008
August 18, 2014

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: