Lorenzo Dow King, lawyer, Confederate officer, and state representative, was born in Tennessee in 1829. King was presumably raised and educated in Tennessee as he was admitted to the bar in 1854 in Troy, Tennessee. King immigrated to Texas prior to 1857, settled in Sulphur Springs, Hopkins County, and established himself as a lawyer. Here on May 28, 1857, King married Maryann Ellen (Hopkins) Russell. She had been previously married to county sheriff Jesse C. Russell who fled to California following his involvement in the bludgeoning death of a man at the old Tarrant courthouse. King's marriage produced four sons and three daughters. During the summer of 1861 after the outbreak of the Civil War, King raised a company of cavalry for service in the Confederate Army. King traveled with this unit to Grayson County where it was mustered into the army as Company G of the Ninth Texas Cavalry Regiment with King elected as captain. King served throughout the war with his unit ultimately being folded into Ross's Brigade.
Following the war King returned to Hopkins County and resumed his law practice. In September 1865 King was appointed by Union military authorities as a defense lawyer for courts martial in Hopkins County. In 1866 King won election as representative for Hopkins County to the Eleventh Texas Legislature. After this King returned to private practice in Sulphur Springs as a partner in King & Milam during the late 1870s and King & King in the early 1880s. During his later life he was an advocate for the application of forensic science in the legal field and a participant in Confederate reunions. He was also an active Methodist. King died in Sulphur Springs on December 16, 1911, and was interred there at City Cemetery.
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H. L. Bentley and Thomas Pilgrim, Texas Legal Directory for 1876–1877 (Austin: Democratic Statesman Office, 1877). IGI Individual Record: "Lorenzo D. King" (http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/IGI/individual_record.asp?recid=100034522239&lds=1®ion=11®ionfriendly=North+America&frompage=99), accessed May 29, 2007. Frances T. Ingmire, Marriage Records of Hopkins County, Texas, 1846–1880 (St. Louis: Ingmire, 1979). Sylvia M. Kibart and Rita M. Adams, eds., Pioneers of Hopkins County, Texas, Volume 2 (Wolfe City, Texas: Henington, 1989). "Towns of Hopkins County TX in 1884–1885" (http://gen.1starnet.com/hopkins/hctowns.htm), accessed May 29, 2007. June E. Tuck, Civil War Shadows in Hopkins County, Texas (Sulphur Springs, Texas: Walsworth, 1993). June E. Tuck, Hopkins County Obituaries Prior 1939, Volume I (Sulphur Springs, Texas: June E. Tuck, 1995).
Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
Eleventh Legislature (1866)
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Aragorn Storm Miller,
“King, Lorenzo Dow,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed June 25, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
August 7, 2008
Most Recent Revision Date:
August 18, 2014
This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: