Edwin Jackson Kyle, son of Annie E. (Moore) and Fergus Kyle, was born in Kyle, Texas, on July 22, 1876. He attended public schools and W. W. James's private school and in 1899 graduated with honors from the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (later Texas A&M University). He was the only student ever to act as commandant at the college and the only one ever to be given a faculty seat. In 1901 he received a B.S. in agriculture. In 1902 he received an M.S. from Cornell University. He was awarded an honorary doctorate in agriculture by the University of Arkansas in 1949. On December 21, 1904, Kyle married Alice Myers; they had a daughter.
In 1902 he joined the Texas A&M staff as president of the Athletic Association; he resigned in 1911 to become dean of the School of Agriculture, a post he held until 1944. He was the first Texan to advocate the teaching of agriculture in the state schools successfully. He also is credited with helping establish the State Department of Forestry. He organized and directed a farmers' short course at A&M. In 1941 he toured Central and South America for the coordinator of inter-American affairs, studying the agricultural economy and promoting friendship. He was appointed by the Texas Department of Agriculture as official delegate to the second Inter-American Conference on Agriculture in Mexico in June 1942.
In 1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Kyle ambassador to Guatemala. He returned to A&M in 1948, and in 1949 was awarded the Order of Quetzal by Guatemala. He coauthored Fundamentals of Farming and Farm Life (1912) and a text on pecan culture and wrote numerous bulletins on fruit and vegetable growing. He wrote a textbook that was used for thirty years in the state schools. He was made dean emeritus at A&M and received many other honors from the college, where the athletic field is named for him. He died at his home in Bryan on December 26, 1963, and was buried in the Bryan City Cemetery.