Martin B. Lewis (often confused with Mark B. Lewis), soldier and county official, was born in Clark County, Indiana, on January 13, 1806, the son of Sally (Lemasters) and Samuel S. Lewis. He married Nancy Moore in Vermillion County, Indiana, on October 25, 1825; they had eleven children. He and his family immigrated to Texas in January 1830 and settled first on Ayish Bayou in what is now San Augustine County. They then moved to Indian Creek near Bevil's Settlement in what is now Jasper County. In August 1832 Lewis was a sergeant major in the battalion commanded by James Whitis Bullock, and he participated in the battle of Nacogdoches. In November and December 1835 he was captain of a company of East Texas volunteers that took part in the siege of Bexar. In July 1836, when a Mexican incursion into Texas by Gen. José Urrea was feared, Lewis raised a company of Jasper volunteers and marched to join the Army of the Republic of Texas on the Coleto. He resigned this command in August 1836. Lewis served as county surveyor of Jasper County from its organization in 1836 until 1845. In 1844 he was also chief justice of Jasper County. In 1845 he patented title to 2,958 acres of land in Jasper County. He left Texas for California in 1849, and in 1863 he settled at Millertown, Fresno County, California. He died before 1885.