Samuel S. Lewis, early Texas settler and congressman, was born to John and Sarah Lewis on July 4, 1784, in Virginia. He married Sarah Lemaster in Henry County, Kentucky, on August 7, 1804. They moved to Indiana, where their seven children were born, five in Indiana Territory and two after it became a state. Lewis founded Orleans, Indiana, and served with the Indiana militia in the War of 1812. In the mid-1820s the family moved to Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, where Lewis became justice of the peace. He sent his slaves and some of his property to the Mexican state of Coahuila and Texas in 1830 and followed with his family in 1832. By 1835 he and his sons, Martin Baty Lewis and John Taylor, had settled their families in the Bevil municipality on Indian Creek in what became Jasper County. Lewis served as lieutenant colonel in the battle of Nacogdoches in 1832 and participated in the siege of Bexar in 1835. He was a Bevil delegate to the Consultation of 1835 and represented Jasper County in the First and Second congresses of the Republic of Texas. He died on February 10, 1838, at his plantation in the Bevil district.