John Benjamin Long, newspaper publisher, college president, and Congressman, was born on September 8, 1843, on a plantation near Douglas, Texas, the son of William T. and Althea Elizabeth (Payne) Long. In 1846 the family became one of the first three families to settle at the site of Rusk. Before the Civil War Long received a good education. He enlisted on June 3, 1861, in Company C, Third Texas Cavalry, and served throughout the war. He was severely wounded twice. On April 9, 1869, he married Emma Wiggins. They had seven children. Long was appointed delegate to the National Cotton Planters Association at Vicksburg in 1883. In 1886 he purchased the Standard Herald, a Rusk newspaper, which he edited until 1905. From 1891 to 1893 he served in the United States Congress. In 1891 he was also elected master of the state Grange. He was head of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University) in 1895. In 1913 he represented Cherokee County in the legislature. Long was a Mason, an elder in the Presbyterian Church, and an ardent prohibition campaigner. He died at Rusk on April 27, 1924, and is buried in Cedar Hill Cemetery.
Is history important to you?
We need your support because we are a non-profit organization that relies upon contributions from our community in order to record and preserve the history of our state. Every dollar helps.
Sidney S. Johnson, Texans Who Wore the Gray (Tyler, Texas, 1907). Hattie Joplin Roach, The Hills of Cherokee (1952; rpt., Fort Worth, 1976).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
“Long, John Benjamin,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed August 19, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
March 1, 1995