Mabry, Hinche Parham Jr. (1829–1884)


By: Douglas Hale

Revised by: Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: June 1, 2022


Hinche Parham Mabry Jr., soldier and jurist, was born at Laurel Hill, Carroll County, Georgia, on October 27, 1829, one of six children of Hinche Parham and Lynnea (Stallings) Mabry. He attended the University of Tennessee and, after moving to Jefferson, Texas, at the age of twenty-one, read law until he was admitted to the bar in 1856. In 1854 he married Sarah Abigail Haywood, and the couple had three children, including Woodford H. Mabry. Mabry became a successful and prosperous lawyer and served terms as a state legislator in the 6th and 8th Legislatures.

Though initially opposed to secession, Mabry joined the volunteer expedition of North Texas that seized the federal forts in Indian Territory in May 1861. When Col. Elkanah B. Greer organized the Third Texas Cavalry a month later, Mabry became captain of Company G and quickly established a reputation for audacity, courage, and strict discipline. He fought at the battles of Wilson's Creek and Pea Ridge. He was promoted to colonel in July 1862 and became the commander of his regiment. At the battle of Iuka on September 19, 1862, he was severely wounded and captured. Refusing to sign a parole that read “so called Confederate States,” he remained a prisoner until 1863 when he was exchanged. He rejoined his regiment in the spring of 1863, held temporary command of Lawrence Sullivan Ross's Texas Cavalry Brigade from October to December 1863, and then led another brigade composed of a number of under-strength Arkansas and Mississippi units from March 1864 to February 1865. He molded this unpromising material into an effective force.

His men captured a federal gunboat on the Yazoo River in April 1864 and gave a good account of themselves in Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest's cavalry campaigns in northern Mississippi and West Tennessee during the summer and fall. At least one contemporary source indicates that Mabry was commissioned brigadier general in 1865. After his brigade was broken up in February 1865 Mabry was reassigned to duty west of the Mississippi. He signed his parole at Shreveport on June 22, 1865.

During Presidential Reconstruction, he served in the Constitutional Convention of 1866 and was elected in June 1866 to preside over Texas's Eighth Judicial District. However, when Congressional Reconstruction began in 1867, Federal military authorities removed him from the bench. He soon became a leader of the Knights of the Rising Sun, a Klan-type organization that opposed Reconstruction, and after the notorious murder of George Washington Smith in Jefferson in 1869, he fled to Canada to avoid prosecution. All the men who murdered Smith escaped significant punishment, and Mabry returned to his law practice in Jefferson. Then, in 1879 he relocated to Fort Worth, where he resided the rest of his life. He died of an accidental pistol wound to the foot on March 21, 1884, in Sherman, Texas, and is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Jefferson.

Victor Marion Rose, Ross' Texas Brigade (Louisville, Kentucky: Courier-Journal, 1881; rpt., Kennesaw, Georgia: Continental, 1960). William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). George T. Todd, "Commands in Hood's Texas Brigade," Confederate Veteran 20 (June 1912).

Categories:
  • Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
  • Politics and Government
  • Judges
  • Sixth Legislature (1855-1856)
  • Eighth Legislature (1859-1861)
  • House
Time Periods:
  • Civil War
  • Reconstruction

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Douglas Hale Revised by Randolph B. "Mike" Campbell, “Mabry, Hinche Parham Jr.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 28, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/mabry-hinche-parham.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

1952
June 1, 2022

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: