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Maliacone Indians

Thomas N. Campbell General Entry

The Maliacone (Malican, Malicona, Maticone) Indians were reported by Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca as one of the tribes encountered during his sojourn in Texas (1528–34). Their precise location cannot be determined, but the available data suggest an area near the lower Nueces River. Attempts have been made to link the Maliacones with various Indian groups reported in later French and Spanish sources, such as the Meracouma and Manico Indians, but these linkages are based on slight phonetic resemblances in the names and are not convincing. The affiliations of the Maliacone Indians remain unknown.

Adolph F. Bandelier, ed., The Journey of Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and His Companions from Florida to the Pacific, 1528–1536 (New York: Barnes, 1905). Frederick Webb Hodge, ed., Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington: GPO, 1907, 1910; rpt., New York: Pageant, 1959).


  • Peoples
  • Native American
  • Tribes (Other)

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Thomas N. Campbell, “Maliacone Indians,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 13, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 1, 1995