Manchester is just east of the Interstate 610 loop on the Houston Ship Channel at the eastern edge of Houston one mile northwest of Pasadena in east central Harris County. The community began in the early 1860s as a switch on the Texas and New Orleans Railroad within the Houston city limits. In the fall of 1914 Joseph R. Cheek and associates offered twenty acres of land with 1,500 feet of channel frontage at Manchester if the city would agree to build a wharf there. The mayor accepted the offer, but the city harbor board protested that Manchester was outside city tax boundaries. Joseph S. Cullinan and other oil men supported the mayor and urged channel development from Houston to Morgan's Point, but a 1920 bond issue approving the purchase of more land at Manchester was defeated. After 1920 the Manchester Terminal Corporation built a ship terminal to handle cotton, and in the 1930s the terminal's interests were represented by R. M. (Daddy) Bain. By the 1970s the area was industrial. In the 1980s Manchester had a predominantly Hispanic population and comprised an area of multiple dwellings, Hartmann Park, and industrial development along the ship channel. By the early 2000s the Manchester neighborhood, part of the city of Houston, was identified as a toxic spot due to heavy industrial activity. Air monitors regularly detected high levels of butadiene. Of the approximately 4,000 residents in Manchester in the 2010s, approximately 90 percent or more consisted of minority groups who were low-income financial status. The petrochemical industry dominated the region.
Is history important to you?
We need your support because we are a non-profit organization that relies upon contributions from our community in order to record and preserve the history of our state. Every penny helps.
Houston Chronicle, January 17, 2005. Thomas H. Kreneck, Del Pueblo: A Pictorial History of Houston's Hispanic Community (Houston: Houston International University, 1989). Raj Mankad, “As Houston plots a sustainable path forward, it’s leaving this neighborhood behind,” Texas Tribune, August 23, 2017 (https://www.texastribune.org/2017/08/23/houston-plots-sustainable-path-forward-its-leaving-neighborhood-behind/), accessed December 12, 2017. Marilyn M. Sibley, The Port of Houston (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1968).
Upper Gulf Coast
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Diana J. Kleiner,
“Manchester, TX (Harris County),”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 19, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.