Lloyd Eugene Mangrum, golfer, was born on August 1, 1914, in Trenton, Texas, to James S. and Etta (Hudgens) Mangrum. In 1919 his family moved to Dallas, where his exposure to golf started at the Stevens Park public course. At age fourteen he began caddying, doing odd jobs, and honing his skills at Cliffdale Country Club, where his brother, Ray, worked as a professional. In 1930 Mangrum turned professional, and with his brother, who was already an accomplished player, moved to the competitive golf atmosphere of Los Angeles. There he married in 1934 and began his tournament career two years later. His first victory came in 1938, and by the end of 1942 he had won five more times. His success resulted in an invitation to the 1940 Masters Tournament at the Augusta (Georgia) National Club, where his single-round record sixty-four was not broken until 1986. Wartime service with the Third Army, including front-line combat at the Normandy invasion and the Battle of the Bulge, earned him four battle stars and three Purple Hearts. In the late 1940s and 1950s Mangrum was one of several Texans, notably Jimmie Demaret, Ben Hogan, Byron Nelson, and Mildred (Babe) Didrikson Zaharias, who had pioneered the professional tour and emerged as premiere players during the postwar golf boom. Mangrum was a fixture during this growth era, when television coverage began, the total Professional Golfers Association purse rose from $454,200 in 1946 to $1,527,849 in 1960, and a women's tournament circuit emerged. His playoff victory in the 1946 United States Open began a decade in which he was PGA money leader (1951), Vardon Trophy recipient (1951, 1953), winner of eleven events in one season (1948), and member of the Ryder Cup Team four times, once as captain. In all, he won thirty-four official tour titles, lent his name to two instructional books, and was inducted into the PGA Hall of Fame. Heart disease forced his retirement in the late 1950s, to Apple Valley, California, where he died on November 17, 1973, and was cremated. Survivors were his wife, Eleta, and three stepdaughters. Posthumously he entered the World Golf Hall of Fame and the Texas Golf Hall of Fame. He was respected for his imperturbability and deft putting, but his plain-spoken, sometimes brusque manner denied him media attention to the extent that one admirer, Jim Murray of the Los Angeles Times, called him the "Forgotten Man of Golf." See also GOLF.