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McKee, Scipio P. (unknown–unknown)

Paul M. Lucko Biography

Scipio P. McKee was a black leader in the Republican party during Reconstruction. At a party organizational meeting during 1867 he served as a vice president; he held the position of assistant doorkeeper at the Constitutional Convention of 1868–69. McKee assaulted black delegate George T. Ruby, who had reportedly attempted to remove him from the assistant doorkeeper job for alleged tardiness and criticized him for remarks about another black delegate, Charles W. Bryant. The convention voted by a narrow margin not to expel McKee for his attack upon Ruby, and newspapers referred to him as "Scipio the Conqueror." McKee opposed the Radical Republicans and joined conservative Republicans who supported Andrew Jackson Hamilton in his unsuccessful bid for the governor's office in 1869.

Harrel Budd, The Negro in Politics in Texas, 1867–1898 (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1925). Merline Pitre, Through Many Dangers, Toils and Snares: The Black Leadership of Texas, 1868–1900 (Austin: Eakin, 1985). Ernest Wallace, The Howling of the Coyotes: Reconstruction Efforts to Divide Texas (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1979).


  • Peoples
  • African Americans
  • Politics and Government

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Paul M. Lucko, “McKee, Scipio P.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed September 26, 2020,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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