Melton, Eliel (1798–1836)

By: Bill Groneman

Type: Biography

Published: April 1, 1995

Updated: April 8, 2020

Eliel Melton, quartermaster of the Alamo garrison, son of Jonathan and Tibatha Melton, was born in Georgia in 1798. He registered in Texas as a single man on January 25, 1830, and settled in Nashville-on-the-Brazos, where he made his living as a merchant in business with Joseph L. Hood. Melton took part in the siege of Bexar. He remained in Bexar as a member of Lt. Col. James C. Neill's staff, where he served as quartermaster with the rank of lieutenant. By the time of the Alamo siege, it is possible that Melton had married and brought his wife, Juana (Losoya), into the Alamo with him. He may have attempted to flee the fortress in the final moments of the battle of the Alamo and died outside of the walls. Susannah W. Dickinson later described a defender whom she called "Milton" as vaulting the wall where it was lowest.

Daughters of the American Revolution, The Alamo Heroes and Their Revolutionary Ancestors (San Antonio, 1976). Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Muster Rolls of the Texas Revolution (Austin, 1986). Bill Groneman, Alamo Defenders (Austin: Eakin, 1990). Phil Rosenthal and Bill Groneman, Roll Call at the Alamo (Fort Collins, Colorado: Old Army, 1985).

Time Periods:
  • Texas Revolution

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Bill Groneman, “Melton, Eliel,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 24, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

April 1, 1995
April 8, 2020