Miller, Joseph Zachariah (1834–1920)

By: Stephanie P. Niemeyer

Type: Biography

Published: April 26, 2011

Joseph Zachariah Miller, Confederate infantry officer, was born on August 17, 1834, near Montpelier, Kentucky, although some sources claim that he was born in 1833 in Adair, Kentucky. He was the son of James Miller and Lavinia (Taylor) Miller. Joseph Miller volunteered for the Confederate Army in April 1862 at Camp Terry in Austin, Texas. He was elected captain of Company B of the Seventeenth Texas Infantry which served with Walker's Texas Division. In the summer of 1863 he was elected major and subsequently was elected lieutenant colonel. Miller fought in the Red River campaign and was then sent to Arkansas. On April 30, 1864, at the battle of Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas, Miller was shot in the right thigh.

After the war, Miller moved to Belton, Bell County, Texas, where he worked as a banker and married Anna Greene. The couple had at least one child together. His wife died in 1909, and Miller died on July 11, 1920. Both are buried at North Belton Cemetery.

Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, National Archives and Records Service, Washington. Mamie Yeary, Reminiscences of the Boys in Gray (McGregor, Texas: 1912; rpt., Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1986).

Time Periods:
  • Civil War

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Stephanie P. Niemeyer, “Miller, Joseph Zachariah,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 29, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

April 26, 2011

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