Millican, Robert Hemphill (1750–1836)

By: Lon F. Curbello, Jr.

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: August 11, 2020

Robert Hemphill Millican, one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred colonists, the son of William and Mary Millican, was born in Spartanburg County, South Carolina, in 1750. He married Nancy Jane McNeil in the 1770s and arrived in Texas in December 1821. He brought two married sons, William T. and James D., with their families, a widowed daughter with her family, six other sons, and one daughter. Millican received title to 2½ sitios of land in the big bend of the Brazos River in what is now Brazos County on July 16, 1824. Horatio Chriesman presented his bill for surveying the land in October 1824. Sometime before November 1824 Millican's home was the site of an election of militia officers. The census of March 1826 classified him as a farmer and stock raiser aged over fifty; his household included his wife, Nancy Jane (over fifty), four sons, two daughters, three servants, and two slaves. The census carried a note that he was building a grain mill on the Brazos River. Millican died during the Runaway Scrape in April 1836, of pneumonia and measles, on the bank of the Trinity River just above the town of Liberty. He was buried there on the riverbank. He was survived by his wife, eight sons, and two daughters. Mrs. Millican married William S. Ellis on June 11, 1838.

Eugene C. Barker, ed., The Austin Papers (3 vols., Washington: GPO, 1924–28). Bryan-College Station Eagle, June 27, 1976. Lester G. Bugbee, "The Old Three Hundred: A List of Settlers in Austin's First Colony," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 1 (October 1897). Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Founders and Patriots of the Republic of Texas (Austin, 1963-). Robert E. Davis, ed., The Diary of William Barret Travis (Waco: Texian Press, 1966). Marion Day Mullins, First Census of Texas, 1829–1836, and Other Early Records of the Republic of Texas (Washington: National Genealogical Society, 1959).

Time Periods:
  • Mexican Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Lon F. Curbello, Jr., “Millican, Robert Hemphill,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed August 08, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 11, 2020

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